||Ansari SA, Ganapathi M, Benschop JJ, Holstege FC, Wade JT, Morse RH. Distinct role of Mediator tail module in regulation of SAGA-dependent, TATA-containing genes in yeast.
The EMBO journal, 2012.|
||The evolutionarily conserved Mediator complex is required for transcription of nearly all RNA Pol II-dependent promoters, with the tail module serving to recruit Mediator to active promoters in current models. However, transcriptional dependence on tail module subunits varies in a gene-specific manner, and the generality of the tail module requirement for transcriptional activation has not been explored. Here, we show that tail module subunits function redundantly to recruit Mediator to promoters in yeast, and transcriptome analysis shows stronger effects on genome-wide expression in a double-tail subunit deletion mutant than in single-subunit deletion mutants. Unexpectedly, TATA-containing and SAGA-dependent genes were much more affected by impairment of tail module function than were TFIID-dependent genes. Consistent with this finding, Mediator and preinitiation complex association with SAGA-dependent promoters is substantially reduced in gal11/med15Delta med3Delta yeast, whereas association of TBP, Pol II, and other Mediator modules with TFIID-dependent genes is largely independent of the tail module. Thus, we have identified a connection between the Mediator tail module and the division of promoter dependence between TFIID and SAGA.